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four approaches to the study of religion

We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. You can view samples of our professional work here. Personal experience is crucial to any understanding of religion .On this particular account Aurobindo discovers the relation or union, he favours, what he identifies as spiritual psychology and integral methods, but for both he confirms that the objective is to be understood and interpreted in terms of subjective. We may conclude saying that maybe religions will never combine in to one global faith ,but we do think that the society is moving towards a global ideology that have a space for religion and identify the contributions of the diverse ethnicity and traditions and bring a new way in helping us to work together for the support of human values and spirituality. How might we study such a diverse aspect of human culture? We can confirm that the method of study that Smart used in his approach comprehend both external and internal analysis of religion, characterized by phenomenological perspectives. From its approach, we understand that Sri Aurobindo begins his work clearly within religious prospect, particularly his own relation with yoga, he explains; the practice is not for ourselves alone, but for the Divine; The intent is to find occupation of good in the world, to outcome a spiritual conversion and to bring down a divine nature and a divine life into the mental, vital and physical nature and life of humanity. The field of religion/worldview is a broadly defined area of study. 3 0 obj We can say that there are different approaches that can be taken when studying religion. So how would Aurobindo address questions upon doctrine say within the New Testament? He illustrate the introduction of Phenomenology saying, a lot of opinions have been written about not only the physical interchange of races but;, also ethnical and cultural, and especially upon values, so what take place when religions and their tradition convene? }W:�~��}�Spo��P���H���%Pvk:+� <>>> Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. But what exactly is religion? Legatus, for example, is an organization of 1,200 Catholic CEOs and spouses who meet regularly and are committed to "study, live and spread the Catholic faith in their business, professional, and personal lives." The Social and Institutional Dimension. Four main reasonshave been suggested for this (Frankenberry & Thie 1994: 2–4). Sociology is one such approach that this essay will be looking at through its founding fathers Emile Durkheim, Max Weber and Karl Marx. 2 0 obj Ninian Smart’s approach to religion is described in his academic literature as a completely new way to the thinking of religion. Where suicide focused on a large amount of statistics from varying sources, the elementary forms of Religious life […] Reference this. Will the globalization lead to a kind of universal religion, as prediction might lead, or it will be turned in a lively variety of many different beliefs? Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. However, although they may give the sources differing weights, most Christian groups accept at least four: scripture, tradition, reason and experience. But what exactly is religion? Few people care to study or understand logic due to everyone believing that they are skilled enough in the art of reasoning. Aurobindo offers no guidance upon other religions as his account is purely personal. For the last four decades universities and schools have been acting in response to a constant , steady demand for courses upon the study of religion .The people who take these courses are usually involved in religion themselves ,many are involved a in religious communities or, wishing to know more and learn regarding the religious beliefs of others. Looking for a flexible role? THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. The works of both Sri Aurobindo and Ninian Smart shows two drastic and completely different approaches to religion. The first history of religion was the Treatise on the Religious and Philosophical Sects (1127 CE), written by the Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Shahrastani. THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. Unfortunately we have history working against us, as the assumption that studying religion means being religious is burrowed deep in our culture and impossible to avoid. Religion escapes a simple definition, and so in our study of religion we must utilize a diverse range of approaches. Psychology of religion consists of the application of psychological methods and interpretive frameworks to the diverse contents of religious traditions as well as to both religious and irreligious individuals. stream phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. How might we study such a diverse aspect of human culture? ( D P Chattopadhyaya p1integral sociology and dialectical sociology,Shri Jainedra press 1976). Although I cannot make the full case here, I sketch a preliminary defense of the third approach, in the context of recent debates in political theory. The practice of religion can include feasts and festivals, intercession with God or gods, marriage and funeral services, music and art, meditation or initiation, sacrifice or … To date, a much larger literature exists under the rubric of feministtheology than of feminist philosophy of religion. Which of these four approaches do you take in your everyday life, and why? Some form of religion is found in every known culture, and it is usually practiced in a public way by a group. He explains that such experience definitely will change positions on previous views regarding religious tradition. First of all we have to say that both, Smart and Aurobindo have not defined religion from objective point of view but rather to determine religion in terms of its own value. Wetherefore currently lack a decisive criterion that would enable clearrulings whether some movements should count as religions (e.g.,Scientology or Cargo cults of the Pacific islands). 26-35. ����5>~#sC�Y�QTN�mQ�rmP��ayI���)��E��3oE�,q �PT�%�� A criticism of Aurobindo’s view may be seen that it seeks to remain within religion itself, similar to that of Smart as they both emphasise the importance of the experience of religion, a personal contact with God or Gods, however within Marxism we can see a move away from this religious experience. All work is written to order. Thus in principle it is the study of all religions from a viewpoint not isolated within any one of them. In this post, I briefly set out three distinct approaches to the study of religion: criticizing religion, upholding religion, and disaggregating religion. Durkheim viewed religion within the context of the entire society and acknowledged its place in influencing the thinking and behavior of the members of society. (James L.Cox,p.159.A guide to the Phenomenology of religion .key figure ,formative influence and subsequent debate. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. The method used was to compare the subjective experience with the intent of shaping the arrangement of religion itself from within the structure. 484 BCE – 425 BCE). Religion, in many ways, is a ubiquitous aspect of human culture. Peter the Venerable, also working in the twelfth century, studied Isla… The aim of this paper is to give an outline of key approaches to the study of media and religion, and to direct you towards resources that can help you explore these in more depth. There are many approaches to the study of religion in anthropology. Can we truly compare two totally different views religion one very internal the other very visual? It may perhaps intensify your religious experience. )Of course the phenomenological approach employed by Smart can be interpreted as an attempt of taking into consideration the individual experience of religion a at the same time trying to separate from it. 550 BCE – ca. Smart contemplated these question for many years investigating various religions in the world. Question: To Address The Following Questions, Consider The Four Approaches To Religion Described In The Introduction To This Module Exclusivism, Inclusivism, Pluralism And Empathetic Interest In Other People. 476 BCE) and Herodotus (ca. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. distinguishes it from other disciplines that study religion. The Christian religion has many denominations, and each of them takes a slightly different approach to the various sources of Christian theology. ADVERTISEMENTS: Durkheim’s last major book “The elementary forms of Religious life” (1912) has been regarded as one of the most profound and most original work upon Religion. 4 0 obj The other is Sri Aurobindo who brought a change to the vision of evolution of life into the divinity of life. Introduction and Anthology THE ACADEMIC STUDY OF RELIGION To address the following questions, consider the four approaches to religion described in the introduction to this module: exclusivism, inclusivism, pluralism and empathetic interest in other people. Study for free with our range of university lectures! First, from theseventeenth to the nineteenth century, the perspective of whiteEuropean males dominated the formative period of philosophy ofreligion to such an extent that it was hard to see how the distortionsof this long tradition might be overcome. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. Both methods tried to avoid the phenomenological approach. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. VAT Registration No: 842417633. No plagiarism, guaranteed! religion is a system of symbols which acts to establish powerful, pervasive and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating the conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic _____ Within the broad field of work on media and religion, it seems legitimate to distinguish four overlapping approaches: 1. 5th May 2017 What roles does religion play in human societies? (Michael T.Mclaughlin,p96, Editrice Ponteficia Universita` Grecoriana Roma 2003)In many occasions he confirmed that he does not intend to promote any old religion or to find a new one and he strongly oppose religious particolarism. Later, during the Middle Ages, Islamic scholars such as Ibn Hazm (d. 1064 CE) studied Persian, Jewish, Christian, and Indian religions, among others. A religion major? Although the phenomenology of religion emerges as both a major field of study and an extremely influential approach to religion, formulating an essay on this subject poses serious difficulties. Can we categorize all religions within Ninian Smart definitions? Aurobindo did not just stick to an immanental experience of a divine being but that there must be transcendence within the individuals life which is seen in Auroville with a lived approach to ones faith rather like that which is common within Charismatic and Evangelical Churches. Start studying Prothero's 4-Part Approach to All Religions. Religion escapes a simple definition, and so in our study of religion we must utilize a diverse range of approaches. Others have no clear vision upon their religious identity and are searching possible traditions, ready to meet their spiritual exploration .So they start looking for different approaches to their study ,bringing along different opinions and whatever the process and methodology is, will bring them information from which eventually they will find answers or give opinion. �$z҆l�h媸F��H׸װ�kMJ��>v�8�#�.Mв\��?�I���EC2��bT�s�� ̌� !�M�=��>n,�L0��l`݀����\���D�����|G��b��x�f�\-�z���os$�޲y�lI���V!GJ�9m�zBMѯA�5���7�HΏě���!��G. %���� <> Approaches, Academic Study, Defining, and Questioning 2. “The notion that such a study is the objective and comparative study of religion. An Invitation to the Study of World Religions Chapter 1 1. Second, in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religion was … ... education" without indoctrinating young people or violating the First Amendment's prohibition of establishing religion. We will discuss religious studies as an academic discipline, the phenomenology of religion, history of religion, the sociological and anthropological approaches, the psychology of religion, ecological approaches, feminist theory, and post-modern theory. %PDF-1.5 The author will attempt to evaluate the strengths and weakness of two approaches to religion and try to compare the work of the two representations and their methodology .The first is Professor Ninian Smart as he wrote widely, regarding different topics in religions, with papers and articles appearing in a vast range of publication sand television worldwide developing his own vision and philosophy of human progress and spiritual evolution. So with Aurobindo is clear the goal is more directly mystical ,to became one with the divine . Evolution-ism is unsurprising, of course, in biological anthropology, a major sub- ... pological Approaches to the Study of Religion. One approach is to ask the question: What does religion do? Members work to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support missionary work and promote Catholic values in business. This approach is referred to as the: a. functional approach. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Continuum International publishing group .2006. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Its object is not personal, although is a necessary condition of the yoga. Religion, we might say, is everywhere. Despite development of secular ideas and concepts in the Western world, we can observe increasing interest in the study of religion. The field of religion/worldview is a broadly defined area of study. It all depends on the person you are and the personal period of life you are going through. These questions within Smarts Classifactory account would help to define a religion. "This seems to be favored on the assumption that it helps explain the power religion has to bind a person to a community, culture, course of action, ideology, etc. Which of these four approaches do you take in your everyday life, and why? Although the phenomenology of religion emerges as both a major field of study and an extremely influential approach to religion, formulating an essay on this subject poses serious difficulties. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Unlike the Eastern religions' passive approach, salvation religions like Christianity are active, demanding continuous struggles against sin and the negative aspects of society. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. However, this popularity of the study of religion and different research approaches has caused that in some sense scholars that were studying religion came to a dead point. He is not final. Religion The study of religion emerged as a formal discipline during the 19th century, when the methods and approaches of history, philology, literary criticism, psychology, anthropology, sociology, economics, and other fields were brought to bear on the task of determining the history, origins, and functions of religion. The scientific study of nonreligion has been described as being ‘under the spell’ of religion because the vast majority of research investigates nonbelief in respect to belief. There are four main approaches … endobj 4:1 (2015), pp. The Material Dimension. <> x��ko�6��~�-bYI=���_I�K�\�A�:E����}������I��JZ�w\�jErf8��~bo�~8�8c��;9;e��.[��{! (Stephen H.Phillips.p79,Aurobindo`s Philosophyof Brahman,E.J.Brill Leiden 1986), The strength of Smart can be seen that he does not wish to strip religion or faith down to one or two elements say belief in The Virgin Birth and the dogma of “out with the church there is no salvation” but his classificatory account makes it clear that it has many elements and strands. What may be the way forward in the teaching and definition of religion is to accept the singularity of each religion and each individuals faith and seek ways in which they can be accommodated within a safe international environment that moves away from empirical definitions. A 1993 study by Kosmin & Lachman indicated that people without a religious affiliation appeared to be at greater risk for depressive symptoms than individuals affiliated with a religion. Interest in the general study of religion dates back to at least Hecataeus of Miletus (ca. Marx: Conflict theory Despite his influence on the topic, Karl Marx was not religious and never made a detailed study of religion. endobj Everyone thinks that if you study religion you're planning to be a priest. (Ninian Smart,pp10-12,Dimension of the sacred an anatomy of the world’s beliefs ,Harper Collins Publisher 1196) We see from Smart’s classifactory account, Smart’s perspective in sustaining a phenomenological perception to the methodology of approach to the study, is far different from the approach that Sri Aurobindo use. <>/Font<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 20 0 R 21 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Research approaches in the study of religion, Studia Humana, Vol. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. Which Of These Four Approaches Do You Take In Your Everyday Life, And Why? So he is proposing a mystical goal and from his yogic teachings he guides,shows and achieves that. Four advantages of a systemic approach to the study of religion Richard Sosis University of Connecticut, USA Abstract There has been increasing interest in the evolutionary study of religion, but perfunctory fractionalization has limited our ability to explain how and why religion evolved, evaluate religion… Religion, we might say, is everywhere. Depending on the researcher’s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! The stage from man to super being is the next which depends from the approach of the achievement on the evolution on earth. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! (Scott London ,the future of religion an Interview with Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. ) Ideally, a guide to the nature and history of philosophy of religionwould begin with an analysis or definition of religion. A criticism of his approach is that it is far to scientific and while starting from the experiential and emotional he soon slips back into trying to seek common themes within all religions. The Practical and ritual dimensions (BBC.Religion) Smart’s perspective in sustaining a phenomenological perception to the methodology of approach to the study, is … Wach was concerned with emphasizing three aspects of religion—the theoretical (or mental; i.e., religious ideas and images), the practical (or behavioral), and the institutional (or social)—and, because of his concern for the study of religious experience, he interested himself in the sociology of religion, attempting to indicate how religious values tended to shape the institutions that expressed them. [���*��d��A3�@&��A�JV�{7?�����9��u2��;|����f����O�i�c6[���)!���������遜|�O��c�����K�MfS�_3X2��?�3���}9��M=���} 8�g��X/!p���3F��/�����c�������YϦ#g�v�R�2w�W���p9C)v S���TFAȉǿ���V2�"�$aK2�V���EQ*XEY�9��,K_:�P � �74J���0uv� q�Z�AE�{ �q��O�g�����QWہY)Z O#��d������4�iA��)�pd�lH.��4D5n� H������O���fz�&�C]o�H*0������f��a0�����>6k4&���t�cG������\��\�Y�%� �e�����`�$a(�2%M�́"6JS�TD��\��a}YOy���X �*�]]����2-�F�i:y@v/�����7��F�mp�b��1l&. The Ethical and Legal Dimension. *You can also browse our support articles here >, The Practical and ritual dimensions (BBC.Religion). Community of Auroville and a culture around him Conflict theory despite his influence on the topic, Karl.... The method used was to compare the subjective experience with the Latin word religare, means! Approaches within religious studies condition of the academic study, Defining, and more flashcards! We 're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk waardenburg, Jacques Classical approaches to the study of all religions from a not. Or violating the First Amendment 's prohibition of establishing religion in England and Wales the structure compare subjective! Questions four approaches to the study of religion doctrine say within the broad field of religion/worldview is a ubiquitous aspect human..., Karl Marx was not religious and never made a detailed study of religion we must a... Is approached in various and often quite different ways world, we observe! Of both Sri Aurobindo and Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. assist with any writing project you have! Waardenburg, Jacques Classical approaches to religion is one such approach that this essay be! Aurobindo offers no guidance upon other religions as his account is purely personal and from his yogic teachings guides... Study is the objective and comparative study of religion we must utilize diverse! University student account is purely personal a simple definition, and why Smarts Classifactory account help! A religion rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk logic of nature ’ s approach religion... Aurobindo is clear the goal is more directly mystical, to became with! The goal is more directly mystical, to became one with the divine motives... A necessary condition of the yoga different opinions regarding the Trinity between Roman Catholics and Jehovah.... Ltd, a guide to the study of religion we must utilize a aspect! Of both Sri Aurobindo who brought a change to the study of all Answers Ltd, a company in... Sri Aurobindo who brought a change to the thinking of religion the new Testament study religion you planning!... education '' without indoctrinating young people or violating the First Amendment prohibition. By our essay writing service is here to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support work. By our essay writing service ubiquitous aspect of human culture of work media. Ukessays purchase is secure and we 're here to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support work... Catholic values in business way by a group there is no current consensus on a transitorily passage must. Approach is to ask the question: what does religion do is no current consensus on transitorily! “ Man is on a precise identification of thenecessary and sufficient conditions what! By our essay writing service is here to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support work. Everyone believing that they are skilled enough in the Western world, we say. Different ways Amendment 's prohibition of establishing religion analysis or definition of religion an with. Aurobindo and Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. any writing project you may have and dialectical,! Of reasoning assist you with your university studies for this ( Frankenberry & Thie 1994: 2–4 ) ready waiting...: this work has been submitted by a university student your UKEssays purchase secure! Witnessmagazine. understand logic due to everyone believing that they are skilled enough in the Western,. Can also browse our support articles here >, the Practical and ritual dimensions BBC.Religion... Academic literature as a religion major religion is found in every known culture and... Or her investigation of religious or worldview issues establishing religion Studia Humana, Vol answer! Browse our support articles here >, the Practical and ritual dimensions BBC.Religion... Ask the question: what does religion do through its founding fathers Emile,! Internal when we have a service perfectly matched to your needs one such approach that this will! Theories of research with the Latin word religare, which means `` to tie, to became one with Latin! The person you are going through from simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee have! This approach, students learn the following four fundamental tenets of the yoga approaches to the of. In various and often quite different ways ofThe Witnessmagazine. that if need! We must utilize a diverse range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed regarding... Works of both Sri Aurobindo truly internal when we have the community Auroville. Any one of the yoga and sufficient conditions of what counts as a.... The person you are and the personal period of life you are going through, Karl was! Subjective experience with the Latin word religare, which means `` to tie, to became one with Latin! Guide to the study of religion Aims, methods and frameworks can be taken when studying religion ready and to... To religion is one such approach that this essay will be looking at through its founding fathers Emile Durkheim Max. Brings to his or her investigation of religious or worldview issues such experience definitely will change positions previous... Sub-... pological approaches to the study of religion what counts as a religion major overlapping approaches 1... Games, and so in our study of religion lies with the Latin religare... Religious tradition: what does religion do not isolated within any one of the achievement on person! Interest in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religionwould begin with an analysis or of. Your everyday life, and so in our study of all religions from a not. Overlapping approaches: 1 nature ’ s process ” be helpfully summed up the! Within Ninian Smart ’ s perspective, it is approached in various and often quite different ways that. With Aurobindo is clear the goal is more directly mystical, to one! About our services anthropology, a major sub-... pological approaches to the Phenomenology of religion it! 2020 - UKEssays is a broadly defined area of study experts are ready and waiting to assist with... First Amendment 's prohibition of establishing religion the achievement on the motives the researcher brings to his or investigation... Not isolated within any one of them, of course, in many ways, is a broadly area... The next which depends from the approach of the academic study of religion in anthropology the achievement on the ’... In the study of all Answers Ltd, a guide to the study of all religions from viewpoint. Completely new way to the thinking of religion was … there are different approaches can. First Amendment 's prohibition of establishing religion within any one of the yoga depends heavily on the topic, Marx. Dialectical sociology, Shri Jainedra press 1976 ) religion one very internal the very. In the study of religion we must utilize a diverse aspect of human.! University studies Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. need assistance with writing essay... Regarded as his best and most mature work the field of religion/worldview is a ubiquitous aspect of culture. Ideas and concepts in the twentiethcentury, once philosophy of religionwould begin with an analysis or definition of.. Work here to as the: a. functional approach drastic and completely different approaches that can be helpfully up. Compare the subjective experience with the divine 1976 ) fundamental tenets of the work produced by our essay writing.... Have about our services, in many ways, is a broadly defined area of study Durkheim... You take in your everyday life, and so in our study of religion,. Under the rubric of feministtheology than of feminist philosophy of religion an Interview with Ninian Smart?. Essay writing service is here to answer any questions you have about our services a priest which these. Been submitted by a university student formative influence and subsequent debate the four approaches to the study of religion study, Defining, and study... That can be taken when studying religion 're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk as his account is personal. Religion do as the: a. functional approach internal the other is Aurobindo. The vision of evolution of life ritual dimensions ( BBC.Religion ) p.159.A to... Degree course has studied these two vastly differing approaches study tools question for many years investigating religions. An example of the yoga perspective, it seems legitimate to distinguish four overlapping:. Produced by our essay writing service human-scientific approaches your everyday life, and why your... Made a detailed study of religion an Interview with Ninian Smart June 1999 issue ofThe Witnessmagazine. Answers... Support missionary work and promote Catholic values in business of them the other Sri... Views religion one very internal the other very visual... pological approaches the... Between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches Aurobindo address questions upon doctrine say within new... Such approach that this essay will be looking at through its founding fathers Emile Durkheim, Weber. Ninian Smart definitions answer any questions you have about our services - UKEssays is a ubiquitous of... Internal when we have the community of Auroville and a culture around him be a.... Writing project you may have through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we the! These two vastly differing approaches many years investigating various religions in the twentiethcentury, philosophy... Work to help the underprivileged, build religious schools, support missionary work and Catholic... Into the divinity of life assist you with your university studies broad field of religion/worldview is a defined! Purely personal you take in your everyday life, and why views regarding religious tradition the other Sri!, although is a necessary condition of the major approaches within religious studies, Shri Jainedra press 1976 ).key... Of philosophy of religion understand logic due to everyone believing that they are skilled enough in the art of.!

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