It is a good idea to periodically check the pH of stands-ideally this should remain between 6.0-7.0. Periodic fertilizing with organic sources of phosphorus and potassium is also recommended. Description General: Grass Family (Poaceae). Planting Persist Seeding Rate. It is important to assure that the seeds are thoroughly dry before storing them. For fall planting, seed after August 1st and before the end of October. With a well-prepared seed bed, however, orchard grass may flourish in poor soils or shady areas. Dactylis glomerata L. We have about a 10 acre plot of orchard grass and we are considering over seeding some white clover into this field this year for some added protein value. 12 week maturity. Orchardgrass varieties are tested in either an early or late harvesting system. Ideally, orchard grass should be planted in August or September. For grazing, orchard grass is best sown with legumes to provide a more balance nutritional profile and to assist with nitrogen fixation. For central and southern Maryland and the Delmarva Peninsula, this would be the period from approximately August 10 to September 10. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Do not start in arid or excessively dry locations or conditions. Planting calendars for places in Virginia. Ideally, orchard grass should be planted in August or September. Orchardgrass is perennial, cool season, forage bunch grass. Use winter varieties. silage 20 to 30/sq ft 2 to 2-1/2 bu 1 to 2 Oct 1 to 30 May 10 to Jun 1 4 to 10 T (65% moisture) Cut for silage in boot (Feekes 10) growth stage. Some common types of grass produce more pollen spores, including Timothy, Johnson, Bermuda, Orchard, Rye, Kentucky and Sweet Vernal grasses. Grasses form their flowers in spikes called inflorescences. Varieties: Orchardgrass makes an ideal everyday forage grass for a wide variety of livestock, including cattle, sheep, goats, horses and others. Forage seeding-rate recommendations for hay and pasture (in pounds of pure live seed per acre). If sowing in fall, do not sow later than one month prior to the first average frost of the fall. MAINTAINING. Plan to use a drill with two boxes. Seed ¼-to ½-inch d… Soil can be amended with lime (limestone) if needed to raise pH. Orchard grass uses span more than erosion, fodder, hay, silage and natural ground cover. As a manure and biosolid, it returns high levels of this necessary macronutrient to the soil. Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. Seed warm weather grass seeds in early spring and into the summer. The table reflects recommendations from the University of … We seeded six forage grasses at several late summer dates at three sites in Wisconsin (River Falls, Arlington, and Lancaster) over three years. Like many grasses that were brought from Europe at an early date, Orchard Grass attracted little attention in England until reintroduced to that country from America. Allow the seeds to dry in a large open bowl for several days, small seeds will need a few days to dry, larger seeds may require more time, especially in damp weather. Their will be a good amount of chaff with the seeds, it is not always easy to remove. If growing orchardgrass in the absence of legumes, fertilization with nitrogen is recommended. Growing Guide Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. Crop Zone 1 Zone 2 Zone 3 Zone 4 It also enhances the nitrogen in soil when planted deep with abundant water. If using with other grasses, rate should be reduced to 8-10 lbs. Forage Planting Guide for North Carolina Plant Depth Mountains (above 2500 ft. elevation)* See footnote for below 2500 ft. Piedmont and Tidewater Crop Seeding Coastal Plain** Rate (lb./acre) B:broadcast D:drill(4-to 9ﬂ row) R:row (30+inches) PLS:pure live seeds (inches) Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates Best Dates Possible Dates The English name of Cock's-foot Grass is derived from a fancied resemblance between the branching panicle and a bird's foot. It grows in full sun to part shade. Leaving 4-5 inches above the soil is recommended. The seeds must cover about one half of the total surface area of the soil. Orchardgrass can withstand trampling and heavy grazing, has a high nutrient content, is a great green manure crop and is used a green chop (fed directly to livestock wet). Do not remove the flowering spikes, seeds will develop in the inflorescences. A well-prepared seedbed will help to promote higher quality orchardgrass. Like most seeds, they require warmth and plenty of water to germinate. The first step will be to test the pH of the soil with a tester, available at a farm or home & garden store. Seeds should be sown approximately ¼-1/2" deep. Cool season grasses germinate very early and produce well in May and early June. In areas with significant spring frost such as mountain valleys, meadow brome is a better species selection. You may wait until October or November is you live in warmer climates. When collecting, be sure not to take plants down too low. Seed should be planted 10 to 20 pounds per acre. 3 Instead, try planting the female buffalo grass plant as it does not flower and therefore produces little to no pollen. It grows in erect culms 50 to 100 cm (20 to 40 in) tall. Ripe seeds come off very easily. Based on frost dates and planting … The first report of orchardgrass in Kentucky occurred in the early 1830s when seed was col- lected by Phillip Henshaw from his father’s orchard in Orange County, Virginia, and planted on the Henshaw farm in Oldham County, Kentucky. Orchardgrass performs well on soil textures ranging Orchard grass is a cool season grass which is typically found in pastures. Plants are 50-120 cm tall. MAINTAINING Ag Economics & Marketing. This should be done 6 months or more prior to the expected planting date to ensure that added amendments have significant time to react with soil. Late summer is the preferred time for seeding if the existing species are to be eliminated and both the grass and legume must be seeded. It is important to note for collection that seeds will not come readily off the spike if they are immature. If sowing in fall, do not sow later than one month prior to the first average frost of the fall. Harvesting Guide planting rates for orchard grass/alfalfa - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I live in north central Ohio and would like a 60/40 stand of orchard grass/alfalfa. Mature seeds can be brown to light tan depending on species. Areas farther north may want to adjust to later dates. Planting Clover in Orchard Grass - posted in Alfalfa/Hay: I am relatively new to hay farming and am looking for some expert opinions. Orchardgrass is often considered suitable for a wide range of livestock. It grows in bunches and is quick to establish itself in most locations, and is best-suited as a cool season grass. HARVESTING For collection grasp your hand around the base of the mature inflorescence and in a clasping motion pull upwards and strip the seeds from the spike. Overharvesting can slow down grown and delay future harvests, which will typically require 4-6 weeks after collecting. It has a shallow, compact, and fibrous root system. Spring planting is recommended after February 1st and before May 1st in most regions. To get the proper number of plants per acre, the proper number of seed must be planted. As always, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime. Do not sow if pH is not 6.2 or higher. This mismanagement weakened the stands and eventually led to their demise. Soil should be tilled before planting and be moderate to well-drained. Amendment with organic fertilizers rich in nitrogen is recommended. Late-summer/fall establishment of grass is often desired in the Midwest. Prepare a place to sow seeds. SAVING SEEDS Avoid sowing with other grasses. Animals & Forages. Soil should be tilled before planting and be moderate to well-drained. This gives the grass ample time to get going before winter chills set in. Insects & Plant Disease. Become an Affiliate| Private Label Seeds | Contact Us. Note that sowing in mid to late August or later may not give young starts enough time go become stable for the oncoming winter. The heading dates at Elora and the distributors are also listed. Ideally, the soil should have a pH between 6.5 to 7.0. winter cover crop 30 to 70 lb (drilled)2. Grass seeding dates and rates ... Producers should follow the guidelines for planting date and location in Indiana discussed in the preceding section. Based on frost dates and planting … Wait until temperatures get above 65°F during the day and then seed. This will also help to promote and ensure healthier stands. Suggested planting dates for Kansas crops. When seeding in combination with legumes, orchardgrass seeding rate should be reduced (Table 2). seeding date tall fescue orchardgrass timothy 15-20 10-15 8 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Feb 20 - April 1 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Aug 15 - Oct 1 Feb 20 - April 1 2. Additionally, grass taller than 10" or so can become unpalatable and less nutritious. Drill – A grass drill is the best method of seeding on level and sloping aeas, bt the preferu red methor d will depend on slope and conditions of the planting site. Planting depth is 1/4 to 1/2 inch. Row Crop Irrigation. The leaves are 2-8 mm wide, and 20-30 cm Sprinkle the seeds on the planting site. Table 6.2. The first step in forage management is the proper establishment of pasture and hay fields. Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. Table 1 shows the recommended seeding rates and dates for tall fescue, or- Orchard grass is grown from seeds and produces fuller crops when grown on rich soils. Find tactics for healthy livestock and sound forages. Orchard grass grows readily from seed and can attain a height of 2 to 4 feet. Orchard grass also makes an excellent hay production crop and is complimented when planted with legumes such as Ladino (white) clover (Patriot or Durana) or red clovers. Consult the Related Web Sites on the Plant Profile Description: Grass family (Poaceae). There is increased risk of winter injury with summer seedings made after mid-August. As an animal passes close by and brushes against the inflorescence the seeds are snagged onto the coat and can stay attached for some distance, the seed eventually breaks from its hooks and falls to the ground where it might germinate. Seeds sown deeper may not be able to break through the surface of the soil. Orchardgrass is ideally sown in spring, or late summer. Because orchard grass is dormant during the summer months, and is at its peak in late spring, planting orchard grass is often done in late summer or sometimes early fall. Switchgrass (SG) was widespread in open areas before settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year. Cultivating orchard grass as hay or silage typically requires 50 days or less after germination before the first collection. Orchardgrass is often considered suitable for a wide range of livestock. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Grazing below 3-4 inches can cause damage to plants, retarding future growth and delaying future grazings. Timothy is a relatively short-lived, cool-season, introduced perennial grass that grows in stools or clumps. Orchardgrass is usually easy to establish in either early spring or late summer. It is shade tolerant and resistant to occasional drought conditions. Sow the seeds no more than 1/2 inches deep. Remove all weeds from the planting site with a hoe. This is not necessary if growing with legumes as they will fix nitrogen naturally in the surrounding soil. Rake to incorporate the planting site of the seeds in the soil. Seeds are usually traded with the chaff, for sowing rub both seeds and chaff into the surface of moist soil and press in well. Contact your local extension agent or seed supplier to get more spe- … plant 16.6 pounds of material from the seed bag of that spe-cies in order to plant 12 pounds of PLS per acre. This will allow the warm weather grasses to get the benefit of warm temperatures that come with summer while giving them time to become established prior to cooler weather in the fall. Easy to digest and cultivate, it makes a fine choice for hay, grazing and silage. Newer varieties have yields greater than wheat and quality greater than cereal rye. Scheduling and … Binomial Name: Dactylis glomerata Orchardgrass should not be seeded with other grasses because of differences in maturity and palatability. Planting Dates Generally, the earlier planting dates of the planting range are for spring-planted crops in eastern and southern areas, while for fall-planted crops, they apply to northern and west-ern areas (Table 1). Plant 50 Lbs per acre April - July Orchard grass provides seed for game birds, insects, and also nesting habitat. With a well-prepared seed bed, however, orchard grass may flourish in poor soils or shady areas. Propagation and Planting Timothy Grass. Table 1. After a period of time you can notice a changing of color in the seed spike, usually it will lighten in color. Orchard grass is commonly cultivated as forage such as hay or silage or used as grazing grass. Orchardgrass is fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions. Our free planting guide calculates the best dates for sowing seeds indoors and outdoors, and for transplanting seedlings to the garden—all customized to your location. You may wait until October or November is you live in warmer climates. Pick up know-how for tackling diseases, pests and weeds. I have the ground worked well and firmed up. As always, consult an animal feed expert, veterinarian, or other qualified professional before initiating any feeding regime. Orchardgrass is a cool season, introduced, perennial, bunchgrass. Cock's-foot Grass. Late summer seedings, however, have been most successful in Pennsylvania. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! If the drill does not have a acker wheel p system, a cultipacker o roller shoulr d be trailed behind. Some seeds, such as pennisetum, have narrow catching/hooking spear-like protrusions attached. Orchard Grass. If pH drops, top dressing with lime can be used to correct. Orchardgrass is fairly tolerant of drought, traffic and other challenging growing conditions. Find the best dates for planting and transplanting vegetables and fruit! Seed should be planted 10 to 20 pounds per acre.