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The Alpine Fault crosses many West Coast townships, tourist areas, and key infrastructure so there is fear attached to the impact of a fault rupture in these areas." There were 4 of us on this tour and all enjoyed learning more about the geology of such an impressive landscape. The fault scarp runs very close to the parking area, © GNS Science 2017, version 3.2.4.197 created 20190802-1555, Wall across the Alpine Fault at Calf Paddock, R.Langridge / GNS.Science, The Alpine Fault Trace runs from lower left towards the hill , J.Thomson / GNS.Science, The Alpine Fault trace is a low scarp cutting across calf paddock , J.Thomson / GNS.Science, Alpine Fault runs across the image, and through centre of wall, J.Thomson / GNS.Science, Sign at Calf Paddock, Maruia - spot the typo! Outstanding couple of hours discovering the Earthquake zone that is ripping New Zealand apart. 6. slip vector is oriented approximately 20 to the trace of the fault, resulting in components of 35.5 mm/yr parallel and 10 mm/yr perpendicular to the Alpine Fault. Athy 19 contributions 4 helpful votes. Movement occurs during very large earthquakes approximately every 300 years, with the last one happening 300 years ago in 1717AD. Ground motion modelling of an Alpine fault earthquake and a Hope fault earthquake for main South Island cities (NZ) (Holden, 2011) The large September 2010 and the tragic February 2011 Canterbury earthquakes caused widespread damage by ground shaking and sand liquefaction in … Through the South … Skip to Main Content. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, known as a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island. Beban GNS Science Consultancy Report 2011/217 September 2011 . Arrows mark a point near the base of the scarp. The Alpine Fault is responsible for forming the Southern Alps mountain range, which has been pushed up on the Pacific Plate side of the boundary. The Alpine Fault runs for about 600km up the spine of the South Island, and is one of the world’s major geological features. 1990) to 071 o at a rate of 39 mm yr-1 (De Mets et. Convergence on the plate boundary along the Alpine Fault ranges from a vector trending 084° at a rate of 45 mm yr-1 (Norris et. The Alpine Fault is the dominant structure defining the Australian-Pacific plate boundary in the South Island of New Zealand. It is the on-land boundary of the Pacific and Australian plates.But where exactly is it? Snow on the mountains of the Pacific plate contrasts with the lower land of the Australian plate. The area of volcanic activity is referred to as the Taupo Volcanic Zone (see map above). It forms the sharp line separating the snow-covered Southern Alps in the east from the low coastal plain bordering the … Langridge J.G. Map of Zealandia Continent. Here you will find the GPS coordinates and the longitude and latitude of Alpine. The Alpine Fault then runs the length of the South Island just west of the Southern Alps to near Lewis Pass in the … The Alpine Fault is overdue for an earthquake that could reshape the South Island, scientists say. The Alpine Fault at Inchbonnie – Hohonus and Taramakau River looking east [L.Homer, GNS] M Trayes, Natural Hazards Analyst West Coast Regional Council February 20 12. Ground shaking will occur from ruptures on these fault lines. Alpine Fault. Movement along this fault has uplifted the Southern Alps and helped shape the South Island landscape we know today. Motion on the fault within its central portion is … The Alpine Fault cuts a fine line hundreds of kilometres through the western flank of the South Island. The Alpine Fault. This demonstration allows you to go on a virtual field trip along the Alpine Fault and see some of the key outcrops. This video describes the Deep Fault Drilling Project DFDP: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n9ZPq5FRmnE. The faults within this system head southwards and converge to form the Alpine Fault, which carries most of the plate boundary strain in the region. Four windows A to D have been created to show areas of detailed active GNS Science Consultancy Report 2009/18 i . The Alpine Fault is one of the world’s major geological features. Most of New Zealand's major faults are similar in this respect. J.Thomson / GNS.Science, The surface trace of the Alpine Fault and an experimental concrete wall. … The Alpine Fault marks the boundary of the Pacific and Australian Plates. Figure 4 Map of the Alpine Fault in West Coast region and the data sources used in this mapping study (shown by colour). It is worth looking at the wall to see how it has stood the test of time. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, specifically a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island.It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. In other words, movement will occur suddenly during an earthquake, rather than gradually. However ... such as the Dead Sea Transform in the Middle East or the Alpine Fault in New Zealand. Menu Contact Search The fault itself has been active for about 20 million years, but the gravels through which it passes at this locality were deposited towards the end of the last ice age about 15 to 16 thousand years ago. The Alpine Fault extends as a nearly straight line through the length of the South Island. Access is across private farmland, just south of Whataroa. This is a commercial tour run by the local landowner, and visits must be organised in advance. It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. Spent a really interesting and completely unexpected morning on a private tour of the Alpine fault line. This is a classic exposure of the Alpine Fault. An online map of United States Quaternary faults (faults that have been active in the last 1.6 million years) is available via the Quaternary Fault and Fold Database. Read more. GPS-coordinates of Alpine. The Southern Alps have been uplifted on the fault over the last 12 million years in a series of earthquakes. The 2012 paper suggests simply that … Whilst it ruptures mainly in a sideways direction, some uplift on its eastern side has given rise to the Southern Alps. The length of the rupture will be … Because the Alpine fault begins so cleanly, Furlong believes it can tell us something about strike-slip faults in general. GPS-coordinates of Alpine: 32° 50' 6.188" N 116° 45' 59.079" W : UTM coordinates (WGS84) of Alpine. They have been pushed up by many and continued earthquakes occurring on the fault. Most of the movement along the fault is horizontal (sideways), but there is also a vertical component. The Hope Fault is an active dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault in the northeastern part of South Island, New Zealand.It forms part of the Marlborough Fault System, which accommodates the transfer of displacement along the oblique convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plate, from the transform Alpine Fault to the Hikurangi Trench subduction zone. You can pick out the line of the Alpine Fault on this satellite image of the South Island. While the Alpine fault does not impact large populated areas, the other major strike-slip faults do, including the San Andreas in California, the Anatolian in Turkey and faults in China and Central Asia. The Alpine Fault extends as a nearly straight line through the length of the South Island. There is an interactive map application to view the faults online and a separate database search function. Ground shaking will occur from ruptures on these fault lines. When you look at the outcrop, the most striking thing at first sight is the colour of the rock material along the fault. You can actually stand with each foot on a separate tectonic plate! Recent research by GNS Science has extended our … David B wrote a review Feb 2020. 0 ratings. At its northern end it divides into several branches that are known as the Marlborough Fault System. It is the line along which the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates are being pushed together. Helpful. UTM coordinates … Click here to use the California fault activity map. In terms of the way the previous material has been set out in this resource, and because there is so much available about the Alpine Fault, it has been decided to treat material about the Alpine Fault separately as an appendix. of the Alpine Fault R.M. Latitude of Alpine: 32.8350521: Longitude of Alpine-116.7664109: Rate our service for the coordinates of Alpine. Figure 4 Map of the Alpine Fault in West Coast region and the data sources used in this mapping study (shown by colour). Movement occurs during very large earthquakes approximately every 300 years, with the last one happening 300 years ago in 1717AD. Thanks for rating! The Marlborough Fault System is a major sequence of faults in the upper South Island. There are aroung 20,000 earthquakes annually, most are small, but the country gets its share of big quakes too. Introduction: Although the Alpine Fault has the potential to cause catastrophic damage on the West Coast, and … Pacific plate on left, Australian Plate on right. It runs as a single structure for over 500 km. Many of these are documented in the literature and references to papers are presented in the descriptions. How often does the Alpine Fault rupture? The Alpine Fault cuts obliquely across the South Island, forming the western edge of … South Island Faults. ©NASA The Alpine Fault, which runs for about 600km up the spine of the South Island, is one of the world’s major geological features. Country of origin: New Zealand Location: Auckland, Auckland (early); Brisbane, Queensland, Australia (later) Status: Split-up Formed in: 2005 Genre: Melodic Progressive Metal Lyrical themes: N/A Last label: Rare Breed Records Years active: 2005-2013 . As you can see it has not been damaged due to any fault movement or gradual creep (as of April 2016! The average slip rates in the fault's central region are abo… Map of the New Zealand region, showing the land area and bathymetry of the surrounding continental shelf. Elizabeth is so … Map of the northern end of the Alpine Fault and Marlborough Fault System. Most of the movement along the fault is horizontal (sideways), but there is also a vertical component. The Hope Fault is an active dextral (right lateral) strike-slip fault in the northeastern part of South Island, New Zealand.It forms part of the Marlborough Fault System, which accommodates the transfer of displacement along the oblique convergent boundary between the Indo-Australian Plate and Pacific Plate, from the transform Alpine Fault to the Hikurangi Trench subduction zone. The Marlborough Fault System is a major sequence of faults in the upper South Island. The paper speculated that since the country west of the fault stays flat, and the country east of the fault rises steeply to alpine heights, the fluid pressure difference across the alpine fault at depth would quickly rise to a hydraulic head of 1000 metres, and beyond. The Alpine Fault. Work during the 1990s has established that the Alpine Fault is a major source of potential seismic hazard and incorporation of data from the fault into seismic hazard maps has greatly changed the perception of earthquake hazard in the South Island. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, known as a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island. Date of experience: November 2020. However, most of the motion on the fault is strike-slip (side to side), with the Tasman district and West Coast moving North and Canterbury and Otagomoving South. QMAP mapping data is predominant at the northeast and southwest ends of the fault, while Otago University mapping is the predominant source from Hokitika to Haast. If you want to do something different and have a passing interest in geology, then this is a ‘must do’ tour. The bus trip there and back also good fun. Whilst it ruptures mainly in a sideways direction, some uplift on its eastern side has given rise to the Southern Alps. The Wairau, Awatere and Clarence faults are an extension of the Alpine Fault, as are a number of other active faults of limited extent. The California Geological Survey's interactive map allows users to identify the location and classification of faults throughout California. ALPINE FAULT: "An earthquake on the Alpine Fault in the near future would not be a big surprise." Contact http://alpinefaulttours.co.nz/ (or phone 0800556244) to book a trip that will depart from Whataroa. This is a classic exposure of the Alpine Fault. A reverse fault (if steeply dipping) or thrust fault (if shallowly dipping) is a fault where the fault plane dips toward the upthrown block. Several major faults run alongside and within this system, including the Wellington Fault. Fault ruptures (earthquakes) have displaced river terraces that cross the fault. Visits involve a bus ride along a farm track and a short walk with a river crossing to reach the outcrop. A fault zone is a cluster of parallel faults. Can't find Fault. Scientists have revealed new insights into what's piling pressure on New Zealand's big-risk Alpine Fault – and whether the past decade's quakes have added to its squeeze. The Alpine Fault runs northeast from the northern side of the entrance to Milford Sound, along the western side of the Southern Alps for about 800 … The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, specifically a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island.It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. It has been crushed and altered (metamorphosed) at depth, and gradually dragged to the surface by uplift of the Pacific Plate. Alpine Fault Tours, Whataroa: See 24 reviews, articles, and 47 photos of Alpine Fault Tours, ranked No.3 on Tripadvisor among 4 attractions in Whataroa. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island (c. 480 km) and forms the boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. You are at the foot of the range-front of the Southern Alps which are close by to the east of where you are standing. This fault has ruptured four times in the past 900 years, each time producing an earthquake of about magnitude 8. It is also a very active fault, … It is the line along which the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates are being pushed together. New research from Victoria University of Wellington could prompt a shift in thinking about the South Island’s Alpine Fault.. A number of outstanding problems remain in regard to the Alpine Fault, two of which are: The Maruia campsite and car park is about 5 km out of Springs Junction on SH 7 towards Lewis Pass. … The uplift to the southeast of the fault is due to an element of convergence between … At its northern end it divides into several branches that are known as the Marlborough Fault System. ), showing that the fault is stuck. The country lies on the Ring of Fire which means it is a hotspot for earthquakes. The Alpine Fault is called a strike slip or transform fault. The Wairau, Awatere and Clarence faults are an extension of the Alpine Fault, as are a number of other active faults of limited extent. In the central South Island, the Alpine Fault is dextral-re-verse and bounds the western edge of the Southern Alps (Norris et al., 1990). The Alpine Fault The Alpine Fault, marked here by the yellow line, stretches nearly the entire length of Te Waipounamu, the South Island of Aotearoa New Zealand. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, specifically a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand’s South Island. The South Island of New Zealand is divided along its length by the Australian-Paci˜c Plate bound-ary [Mortimer, 2017]. Earthquakes along the fault, and the associated earth movements, have formed the Southern Alps. Map of the New Zealand region, showing the land area and bathymetry of the surrounding continental shelf. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, known as a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand's South Island. Project Number: 430W1444 DISCLAIMER This report has been prepared by the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Limited (GNS Science) exclusively for and under contract to West Coast Regional Council. There are also several important faults offshore to the east of Marlborough. 0/5. Share. The red line on this map shows our plate boundary (see Module 2). The scarp of the Alpine Fault occurs as a northeast-southwest striking feature through the map, and its zone of deformation has a considerable width. KML (Google Earth-type) files and GIS shape files are also available for download from the site. The Alpine Fault is the boundary between the Pacific crustal plate and the Australian plate. It is shown on the geologic map with triangular teeth pointing toward the upthrown side of the fault. The Australian plate is sliding horizontally towards the north-east, at the same time as the Pacific plate is pushing up, forming the … Rectangle indicates area shown in Fig. Unless otherwise agreed in writing by GNS Science, GNS Science accepts no … The northern section of the Alpine Fault runs through this area. It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the Indo-Australian Plate. The Alpine Fault marks the boundary of the Pacific and Australian Plates. The Alpine Fault runs for about 600km up the spine of the South Island, and is one of the world’s major geological features. Pākihi Supergoup: 5 million years ago – present. This greenish grey clay is known as cataclasite. Map of South Island showing Alpine Fault, distribution of major Late Quaternary faults (somewhat generalised) and current plate vector (after DeMets et al., 1994). A wall has been built across the fault scarp to check for movement. The Pacific Plate and Indo-Australian Plate boundary forms the Macquarie Fault Zone in the Puysegur Trench off the southwestern corner of the South Island and comes onshore as the Alpine Fault just north of Milford Sound. Most of the movement along the fault is horizontal (sideways), but there is also a vertical component. The Alpine Fault is overdue for an earthquake that could reshape the South Island, scientists say. Dip-slip faults Normal faults in Spain, between which … © GNS Science 2017, version 3.2.4.197 created 20190802-1555, Alpine Fault at Gaunt Creek, J.Thomson / GNS Science, Deep Fault Drilling Project Observatory container, J.Thomson / GNS Science, Information panel at Gaunt Creek, J.Thomson / GNS Science, The top of the Australian Plate seen from above Gaunt Creek, J.Thomson / GNS Science, Pointing out the Alpine Fault at Gaunt Creek, J.Thomson / GNS Science, Alpine Fault cataclasite at Gaunt Creek, J.Thomson / GNS Science, Pointing at the fault. The Alpine Fault is clearly visible from space, running along the western edge of the Southern Alps from the southwestern coast towards the northeastern corner of the South Island. Well … Alpine Fault identifies earthquakes in the years 1717, 1620, and 1430, with estimated moment magnitudes of 7.9±0.3, 7.6±0.3, and 7.9±0.4, respectively (Sutherland et al., 2007). How often does the Alpine Fault rupture? Earthquakes along the fault, and the associated earth movements, have formed the Southern Alps.The uplift to the southeast of the fault is due to an element of convergence between the … a!. It forms a transform boundary between the Pacific Plate and the … J.Thomson / GNS, Alpine Fault is at the base of the greenish grey cataclasite layer, J.Thomson / GNS Science. Through the South Island the Alpine Fault acts as a transfer of plate convergence to east facing subduction of the Australian plate beneath the Pacific plate, occurring south of New Zealand in the Puysegur trench. The Alpine Fault is one of the world's major plate boundaries and New Zealand's most hazardous earthquake-generating fault. The Alpine Fault is a geological fault, specifically a right-lateral strike-slip fault, that runs almost the entire length of New Zealand’s South Island. The alpine fault earthquake will alter tectonic stress distribution, and other faultlines may rupture in the days or years following it. Contour line interval is 0.5 m. Alpine Fault movement . Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. The synthetic broadband strong-motion records are produced for both a possible large Alpine Fault earthquake (Mw8.2) and a large Hope Fault earthquake (Mw7.1) at sites in a number of selected population centres that may be strongly affected. The Alpine Fault Trace runs from lower left towards the hill, J.Thomson / GNS.Science The northern section of the Alpine Fault runs through this area. A fault trace is also the line commonly plotted on geologic maps to represent a fault. It’s the "on-land" boundary of the Pacific and Australian Plates. In places, such as above Jerry River (photograph above), it is marked by other geological features such as shutter ridges and pull-apart basins, or laterally displaces geographical features such as glacier moraines, sometimes by kilometres. It is shown on geologic maps as a black line with either a block pattern on the downthrown side, or the letters U/D showing the upthrown and downthrown sides. QMAP mapping data is predominant at the northeast and southwest ends of the fault, while Otago University mapping is the predominant source from Hokitika to Haast. These faults take up some of the total displacement caused by plate collision, so the continuation of the … Alpine Fault virtual field trip. allow individual streets to be identified in the map. Elisabeth, your guide, has a good knowledge of the Alpine Fault, and to be able to straddle 2 tectonic plates was a real moment to remember. These faults take up some of the total displacement caused by plate collision, so the continuation of the Alpine Fault is less active here than further south. To 071 o at a Rate of 39 mm yr-1 ( De et... ), but there is an Alpine Fault is overdue for an earthquake that could the. There is also a vertical component tectonic plate a to D have been created to show areas of active. And all enjoyed learning more about the South Island, scientists say quakes too on... Test of time one of the Alpine Fault and Marlborough Fault System is a classic of... Of time to reach the outcrop the mountains of the Alpine Fault marks the boundary between the Pacific Australian! Report 2009/18 i crustal plate and the longitude and latitude of Alpine its northern end of the Alpine..! S the `` on-land '' boundary of the movement along the Fault is one of key... The Fault the South Island ’ s the `` on-land '' boundary of the Pacific plate and Indo-Australian... ( see Module 2 ), including the Wellington Fault crossing to reach the outcrop just South of Whataroa cataclasite... Scientists say of us on this map shows our plate boundary in the literature and references to are. By the western flank of the Alpine Fault shape the South Island the Pacific crustal plate and Australian... To go on a virtual field trip along the Fault creep ( as of April 2016 below! Transform Fault the length of the world 's major faults are similar in this respect South of Whataroa knowledgeable enthusiastic. Fault over the last one happening 300 years ago – present the California Fault activity map plates.! World 's major faults run alongside and within this System, including the Wellington Fault, and Indo-Australian! Separate database Search function at first sight is the dominant structure defining the Australian-Pacific boundary... Was very knowledgeable and enthusiastic showing off this area of NZ and explaining how the tectonic plates being... Obviously significant but presently unquantified east of Marlborough to papers are presented in the map of... Trace of the Pacific plate and the Indo-Australian plate describes the Deep Fault Drilling Project:. Crossing to reach the outcrop will find the GPS coordinates and the Australian and Pacific tectonic plates.! 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Are aroung 20,000 earthquakes annually, most are small, but there is also vertical. S the `` on-land '' boundary of the Alpine Fault extends as a single for. Our plate boundary Fault that runs the length of the Pacific plate the. Cuts a fine line hundreds of kilometres through the length of the Alpine the... Where exactly is it are also referred to as `` conservative '' plate boundaries, inasmuch lithosphere. Tour guide, was very knowledgeable and enthusiastic showing off this area NZ. Then this is a major sequence of faults in general share of big quakes too several branches that are as... On its eastern side has given rise to the Southern Alps snowline to 071 o at Rate. Coordinates ( WGS84 ) of Alpine trip that will depart from Whataroa are being pushed together 2012... Due to any Fault movement or gradual creep ( as alpine fault map April 2016 four windows a to D have pushed! S the `` on-land '' boundary of the greenish grey cataclasite layer, j.thomson / Science! This video describes the Deep Fault Drilling Project DFDP: https: //www.youtube.com/watch? v=n9ZPq5FRmnE crossing to reach outcrop! Is at the base of the Pacific and Australian plates the length of Alpine! Are documented in the South Island days or years following it earthquake about. Reverse and … map of the Pacific and Australian plates.But where exactly is it and have a interest. Earthquake will alter tectonic stress distribution, and other faultlines may rupture in the upper South.... Why should we be concerned about it shown on the geologic map triangular... Map application to view the faults online and a short walk with a river crossing to reach the,... A hotspot for earthquakes are presented in the South Island the world ’ s Alpine earthquake! To see how it has been crushed and altered ( metamorphosed ) at depth, and longitude. Are similar in this respect a river crossing to reach the outcrop windows a to D have created! Is neither created nor destroyed major plate boundaries and alpine fault map Zealand 's most hazardous earthquake-generating Fault a! Begins so cleanly, Furlong believes it can tell us something about strike-slip in. About strike-slip faults in general movement occurs during very large earthquakes approximately every 300 years ago in 1717AD major! Has uplifted the Southern Alps snowline image of the Alpine Fault extends as a nearly straight line through South... You will find the GPS coordinates and the longitude and latitude of Alpine 32°! The on-land boundary of the rock material along the Alpine Fault is one of the Pacific and Australian plates a! Very active Fault, … of the Southern Alps snowline are known as the Dead Sea transform in literature. The length of the South Island menu contact Search the Alpine Fault small, but there is also a active. Fault begins so cleanly, Furlong believes it can tell us something about strike-slip faults in the South. Visits involve a bus ride along a farm track and a separate database Search function 's most earthquake-generating. Areas of detailed active GNS Science coordinates ( WGS84 ) of Alpine: 32° 50 6.188. 45 ' 59.079 '' W: UTM coordinates ( WGS84 ) of Alpine, just South of Whataroa lithosphere neither. Is horizontal ( sideways ), but there is also a vertical component Southern Alps which are by! Hours discovering the earthquake zone that is alpine fault map New Zealand 's most hazardous earthquake-generating Fault below contact. The map land area and bathymetry of the world ’ s Alpine Fault is spectacularly marked out satellite. S major geological features close by to the Southern Alps a strike slip or Fault. Access is across private farmland, just South of Whataroa on satellite by... N 116° 45 ' 59.079 '' W: UTM coordinates ( WGS84 of.

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